As told by Dr. Jorge Perez-Gallego, curator of astronomy and exhibition developer, at the Patricia and Phillip Frost Museum of Science:
The region around a star within which planets with sufficient atmospheric pressure can support liquid water at their surfaces is known as the habitable zone or the Goldilocks zone. Closer to the star, the temperature is to high and water would vaporize. Further away, the temperature is too low and water would freeze.
Due to the importance of liquid water to life on Earth, its presence is believed to be a key indicator of the possibility of finding life elsewhere. Based on data from the Kepler space observatory, launched by NASA in 2009 to discover Earth-like planets orbiting in the habitable zones of other stars, estimations indicate that there may be as many as a few dozen billion Earth-sized planets orbiting in the habitable zones of Sun-like stars and red dwarfs in the Milky Way.
What about our Solar System? Earth is not the only planet in the Sun’s habitable zone. Mars and Venus, albeit barely, are also in the habitable zone. Let’s focus on Mars. Mars, like Mercury, Venus and Earth, is a terrestrial planet: it has a solid surface and is primarily composed of a metallic core and a silicate mantle. It has a thin atmosphere and surface features reminiscent of impact craters, volcanoes, valleys and desserts. It has also polar ice caps, like Earth.
What about water on Mars? While many lines of evidence indicate liquid water may have played a significant role in the planet’s past geologic history, on September 28 NASA announced that seasonal streams may currently be flowing on Mars. The discovery was made using data from the NASA Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter by Georgia Institute of Technology planetary scientist Lujendra Ojha and his team.
Credit: NASA/Jet Propulsion Laboratory/University of Arizona. Satellite images and elevation data are combined to give the impression of height.
The team studied images of seasonal trails of sludge on the Mars surface. One hypotheses is that the sludge came from underground briny water reservoirs, which found their way to the surface due to geological shifts. While pure water would freeze, salty water has a much lower freezing temperature and would flow down the surface leaving a trail during the planet’s summer season. Infrared spectroscopy data seems to confirm the presence of hydrated salts when the flows were present. The origin of this water is still a mystery and research has only just begun to further understand it.
Interestingly, one of the places these streams have been found is close to Acidalia Planitia, the landing site of the Ares 3 mission in The Martian. Have I mentioned that I cannot wait to finally see it in theaters?
If there is life on Mars chances are it may be there now. Exciting times ahead.
Mars’ proximity as the next planet in our solar system and its Earth-like seasons, storms, volcanic flows, mountains and now flowing water stir the human desire to explore. The visible red hue, born from iron oxide in the soil, connotes war—thus the name Mars, the Roman god of war and protection, who according to legend looked after a civilization that evolved into an empire. In honor of this mythically potent and scientifically fascinating planet, Frost Science has named our men’s funding group M.A.R.S. (Men Advocating Real Science).
On Saturday, September 19, 1 Hotel & Homes South Beach hosted Earth’s Energy presented by the Patricia and Phillip Frost Museum of Science, as part of the hotel’s Seedlings program. Children were able to harness the power of the South Beach sun and wind through fun, hands-on renewable energy-related activities.
At this family-friendly event, guests explored how different renewable energies work by building their own systems complete with a renewable power source. Guests spent the afternoon designing their own wind turbines, experimenting with solar panels, and building a solar car. More than 40 families attended the Earth’s Energy event.
Young attendees learn about solar energy at the 1 Hotel Seedlings event.
The Frost Science team at the 1 Hotel Seedlings event.
Attendees enjoy the rock climbing wall.
Attendees learn about solar energy.
Attendees enjoy the 1 Hotel Seedlings event.
Posted in In the Community, In the Museum, Out & About with Frost Science
Tagged 1 Hotel & Homes South Beach, 1 Hotel South Beach, Earth, Energy, Family Friendly, Frost Science, Out & About with Frost Science, Seedlings, solar power
On Tuesday, September 15, the Patricia and Phillip Frost Museum of Science hosted a special edition of the Science Up Close series with its Young Patrons, the museum’s membership program for young professionals, at Wynwood Brewing Company. Rik Myers, Ph.D., from the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, led the insightful discussion on the biochemistry of brewing beer. Dr. Myers’ shared with guests the chemical processes of beer and the impactful scientific breakthroughs that have developed throughout the history of brewing.
Dr. Myers’ interactive discussion featured a lesson on acidity and bacteria within the beer making process which was perfectly complemented by numerous Wynwood Brewing Company beers, such as Pop’s Porter, La Rubia, Wynwood IPA and multiple special releases. The evening concluded with an open discussion on beer biochemistry between guests and the four featured facilitators: Antoni Barrientos, Ph.D.; Myriam Bourens, Ph.D.; Flavia Fontanesi, Ph.D.; Thomas K. Harris, Ph.D., all from the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine.
Guests at Wynwood Brewing Company on September 15 for Science Up Close.
Alex Garcia & Eliza Gonzalez
Dr. Angela Colbert, Frost Science Moderator
Bryce Kerley, Manny Rodriguez & Jason Timmons
Chimene Longwater, Eldredge Bermingham, Yoshiko Inoue & Thomas K Harris
Grace Torres & Amanda Calderon
Katelyn Webb, Gibby Manatad, Jezzica Bellitti & Krissy Fassbinder
Luis Brignoni, Eldredge Bermingham & Dr. Rik Myers
Rebecca Brooks & Denis Ibarra
Dr. Rik Myers & Eldredge Bermingham
Dr. Rik Myers, Myriam Bourens, Flavia Fontanesi, & Antoni Barrientos
Posted in In the Community, MiaSci at Large, Partnerships
Tagged beer, biochemistry, brewing, Rik Myers, Science Up Close, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Wynwood, Wynwood Brewing Company, Young Patrons
The Patricia and Phillip Frost Museum of Science and Pérez Art Museum Miami teamed up for this year’s Miami DDA Art Days at PAMM. On Saturday, September 12, Frost Science and PAMM provided families with a day of creative experimentation including “Eco-Environments: Art Meets Science,” where PAMM Teaching Artists and Science Communication Fellows from Frost Science guided children and families in the creation of mini eco-environments, along with “The Art of Robots: Science Meets Art” sessions, where guests had a chance to explore the engineering of robots and were able to design their own creations and watch them come to life with the help of Starbot.
Both programs emphasized STEAM (science, technology, engineering, art and mathematics). More than 3,000 guests were in attendance.
Guests visit the Frost Science table to learn about engineering robots.
A young guest builds his own robot out of reusable materials.
A young guest learns about the engineering behind robots with Frost Science.
Guests learn about the engineering behind robots.
Posted in In the Community, In the Museum, Out & About with Frost Science
Tagged Art, Downtown DDA Art Days, Engineering, Math, Out & About with Frost Science, PAMM, Perez Art Museum Miami, Robots, Science, Science Communication Fellows, STEAM, Technology
On Saturday, September 12, the Patricia and Phillip Frost Museum of Science hosted the Science Treehouse at The Children’s Trust Family Expo. More than 1,500 attendees stopped by and took part in one of the many science-related activities.
Frost Science’s programming emphasized STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) education and environmental awareness. Activities included live science demonstrations, creating objects to take flight in the wind tunnel, finding fossils, freezing objects with liquid nitrogen, and a lesson in aerodynamics. Guests also met the museum’s resident alligator and python.
Frost Science liquid nitrogen demonstration at the Children’s Trust Family Expo.
Frost Science programs and partners hosted activities in the Science Treehouse, including ECHOS who showed children how to make sand, MUVE who provided mangrove propagules for planting, and REM Learning who provided hands-on activities inside their wind tube. Guests also had the opportunity to see an exclusive look inside the progress of the new Frost Science currently under construction in downtown Miami’s Museum Park.
A curious visitor meets the Frost Science resident alligator at the Children’s Trust Family Expo.
An engaged visitor at Frost Science’s wind tunnel demonstration at the Children’s Trust Family Expo.
Frost Science ‘Who Makes You Happy?’ mental health activity at the Children’s Trust Family Expo.
Frost Science Community Engagement team at the Children’s Trust Family Expo.
As told by Dr. Jorge Perez-Gallego, resident astronomer and exhibition developer, at the Patricia and Phillip Frost Museum of Science:
A jaguar is going to attack the moon on September 27, at least this is what the Incas feared happened every lunar eclipse. Nearly 600 years later, we now know the truth.
Photo Credit: Dominic Milan
The two most noticeable celestial objects in the sky are the sun and the moon. The sun, moon and Earth together make an astronomical system and are responsible for eclipses and lunar phases.
The Earth rotates around its own axis as it orbits the sun. Similarly, the moon rotates around its own axis as it orbits the Earth. While the Earth rotates roughly 365 times during its trip around the sun (thus 365 days in a year), the moon only rotates once each month during its trip around the Earth. This happens because the moon’s rotation and orbital periods are tidally locked. This is also why the same side of the moon always faces Earth. As the moon, which is spherical, orbits Earth it reflects the light from the sun, and creates different lunar phases.
Depending on where the moon is located with respect to the sun and Earth, we see more or less of its surface. When the moon is located between the sun and the Earth, we cannot see it at all, as the side of the moon illuminated by the sun is the same side not facing the Earth; this is known as a new moon.
In contrast, when the moon is located on the opposite side of the Earth, the side illuminated by the sun is the one facing the Earth; this is known as a full moon.
At any given time, the side of the moon that is being illuminated is the one facing the sun. Thus, the half point phase between new and full moon (knows as the first quarter) resembles a D, and the half point phase between full and new moon (known as the third quarter) resembles an inverse D.
Photo Credit: NASA/Bill Dunford
Like the sun, the moon rises in the East, and sets in the West, but its timing is different every day because it changes its phase as it rotates around the Earth. A new moon, albeit not visible, rises and sets with the sun (normally around 6 a.m. and 6 p.m.). As the moon phase increases, it raises and sets later each day, which makes the moon visible during the day. A full moon, visible at night, rises as the sun sets, and sets as the sun rises (around 6 p.m. and 6 a.m.). After a full moon occurs, the moon phase decreases over time, causing the moon to raise and set later each day, which will once again make the moon visible in the morning.
A lunar eclipse occurs when the sun and the moon are in opposite sides of the Earth. Thus, the moon is full. An eclipse only occurs when the the Earth blocks the sun’s light from reaching the moon. This would happen every month if the moon’s and the Earth’s orbit were on the same plane, but they are not. The moon’s orbit is inclined to the Earth’s orbit by about five degrees. Nevertheless, it is scientifically possible for a lunar eclipse to occur about once every six months, even if only partial at times, since the Earth’s shadow only covers part of the moon. During a lunar eclipse the moon turns a reddish hue during totality. This is because light from the sun is refracted by the Earth’s atmosphere and indirectly lights up the moon’s surface.
On Sunday, September 27, a total lunar eclipse will be viewable from Miami. The lunar eclipse will begin at 9:07 p.m., reach totality at 10:47 p.m., and will end at 12:27 a.m. We will have to wait until January 20, 2019, to see another one with the same level of clarity from the Magic City.
The Inca used to drive the jaguar away by shaking spears at the moon and making noise. While we know there is no jaguar, Frost Science and 1 Hotel South Beach will be joining forces for a lunar eclipse viewing party at the Rooftop at 1 Hotel, on Sunday, September 27, beginning at 9 p.m. Music will be provided by DJ Leo Medina and Frost Science will be navigating the night sky for guests. The beach will be the most visible place to see the lunar eclipse until its 2019 return.
On Friday, August 28, key community stakeholders and long-time museum supporters were treated to an out-of-this-world experience at the official closing party for the Coconut Grove location of the Patricia and Phillip Frost Museum of Science. One Last Night at the Museum: Come Be a Kid Again attendees were invited to take a walk down memory lane and become a kid again with a variety of special activities and sweet treats.
After a welcome by longtime supporter and Board of Trustee Co-Chair Trish Bell, guests enjoyed encounters with exotic birds and reptiles, live tunes by Frost School of Music, indulged in retro bites, stayed hydrated with Perrier Sparkling Natural Mineral Water and ZICO Premium Coconut Water, enjoyed libations by Tito’s Vodka and beer courtesy of Wynwood Brewing Company. Visitors had the opportunity to experience the magic and wonder of science for one last time…until the new location opens in the summer of 2016.
Frank Steslow & Ramona & Aldo Busot
Trish Bell, longtime supporter and Board of Trustee Co-Chair, started the evening with a welcome message.
Zak Mann, Jon Warech & Jamie Zuckerman on board the airplane in the Hurricanes! exhibit.
Janine Mills & Bruce Bennett
Maria, Wyatt, David, Simone & Levi Schwedel
Donut Diva’s catered the event. The red velvet deep fried Oreos were a huge success.
Visitors enjoy the Sea Lab.
Thank you for keeping out guests hydrated ZICO Premium Coconut Water & Wynwood Brewing Company
Guests watch the #FrostMemories slideshow in the Nostalgia Exhibit.
Special merchandise was sold during the evening.
Frost School of Music played cool jazz tunes throughout the evening.
Libations courtesy of Tito’s Vodka and Perrier Sparkling Natural Mineral Water.
Cruz, Christy, & Jolie Cartaya smile in the planetarium for one last time.
Frost Science Nostalgia Exhibit
The Patricia and Phillip Frost Museum of Science would like to thank those who were able attend our closing weekend and share one last memory at our Coconut Grove location.
For more than 65 years, Miami’s science museum has been a source of inspiration, welcoming millions of visitors from its beginnings as the Junior League of Miami to the Miami Science Museum, and recently, the Patricia and Phillip Frost Museum of Science. Doors closed for the last time at the museum’s Coconut Grove location on Sunday, August 30 at 10:00 PM.
Frost Science packed the weekend with live science demonstrations, planetarium shows, interactive technology demos, special programming, and our “Museum Memories” exhibition featuring the museum’s favorite and most iconic exhibit pieces. Frost Science would like to thank our partners who came out over the weekend and inspired guests to learn about science.
Frost Science will reopen in its new $300 million state-of-the-art facility in Museum Park in summer 2016.
Guests who are happy to be at the museum.
This young guest enjoys the Starbot demonstration.
The Kodiak Bear graces the Nostalgia Gallery with his presence.
LIVE Science shows were scheduled throughout the entire weekend!
Guests enjoy the Nostalgia Exhibit.
CappSci’s Miami Science Barge
Guests learn about electricity in this interactive demonstration.
David & Eli Sack hang out in our giant tire.
A young museum visitor enjoys playing with Starbot robots.
Lisa, Travis, Sam & Kelly Schmitt
The newly opened 1 Hotel & Homes South Beach launched its kids’ program, Seedlings, with Rock Basecamp, a kids-only event hosted by Lucas Bacardi Shriftman and Joey Shriver in partnership with Frost Science and Best Buddies.
The event, held at the hotel’s main pool, was kid paradise with animal experiences and exploration of spectrum tubes brought by Frost Science, and activities including rock climbing, seed planting, face painting, cookie decorating and marshmallow making.
Seedlings, available for kids 4 to 12 years old, offers kids a camp-like getaway during their vacation. It guides them to an undiscovered world where 1 Hotel South Beach creates a 1 of a kind experience focused on nature. While parents take time for themselves, the hotel makes it their duty to keep seedlings safe and happy while educating them on the beautiful world around us and the importance of taking care of it with fun indoor and outdoor activities and adventures. Activities include nature walks, creating bird seed feeders, seashell art, fun in the sun competitions such as tug of war, and opportunities to participate in cooking classes, planting seeds and “drive-in” movie nights in DIY nature based vehicles made of recycled boxes.
Frost Science’s ongoing partnership with 1 Hotel South Beach adds additional kid-friendly activities on select days throughout the year ranging in solar and wind energy education to hands-on learning on marine life.
Kaden, Shilo, Jay and Laura Parker
Michel Koopman, Isabella Koopman, Erika Koopman and Jonathan Shriftman
Frost Science’s Batchelor Wildlife Center team was on hand to answer any questions.
Joey Shriver, Kane Sarhan and Lucas Bacardi-Shriftman at the official Seedlings launch at 1 Hotel & Homes South Beach.
The Seedlings launch event was primarily held at the 1 Hotel & Homes South Beach main pool.
Guests enjoy the official Seedlings launch at 1 Hotel & Homes South Beach.
On Saturday, August 29, the Patricia and Phillip Frost Museum of Science hosted its final event, Science Art Cinema #1: Lasers, inside the museum before closing its doors to its Coconut Grove location. Science Art Cinema, a performance event series supported by the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation, welcomed art aficionados and science enthusiasts for an evening that featured 16mm science and science fiction films, fused with performances and multimedia presentations curated by Kevin Arrow, the museum’s art and collection manager; Barron Sherer, the museum’s media archivist; and Dr. Jorge Perez-Gallego, the museum’s curator of astronomy and exhibition developer. Science Art Cinema #1: Lasers focused on lasers and their many uses, from medical technology, to holograms and light shows, including a series of films about the early days of lasers, introduced by San Francisco-based film archivist, Steven Parr of Oddball Films.
After the films, guests made their way into the museum’s Planetarium to experience the immersive laser sculpture and soundscape by artist Matthew Schreiber. Schrieber’s laser installation was enhanced by a live music performance conducted by Cody Boyce, featuring well-known local guitarists, including Autumn Casey of Snakehole, Rick Fantasies, Gavin Perry and Beatriz Montevaro of Holly Hunt, Julie Ghoulie of Crud and Frank “RatBastard” Falestra of Laundry Room Squelchers.
Attendees enjoyed cocktails by Tito’sVodka, refreshments by Perrier Sparkling Natural Mineral Water, and beer courtesy of Wynwood Brewing Company.
Guests flood our lobby for the sold out event.
Barron Sherer works the 16mm projector.
Film archivist, Steven Parr of Oddball Films, stands in front of the Pan Am Globe.
Kevin Arrow, Jorge Perez Gallego, & Barron Sherer
Oksana Klimovich & Rafael Esberard
Pat Schuh & Griselle Gaudnik
Matthew Schreiber wowed the audience with his immersive Planetarium laser installation.
Artist Matthew Schreiber & Alexandra Kuechenberg
Kevin Arrow & Jorge Perez Gallego
Josh Roberts & Jennifer Richar
Grace Frawley & Michael Lobo
Erica Canas & Lesley Canal
Angelique Arazi, Alex Arazi & Alexis Markopoulos
Wynwood Brewing Company provided guests with amazing local brews.
Bartenders served cocktail courtesy of Tito’s Vodka.